The capital of England, London holds the biggest urban zone within the European Union and is recognized for its excellent tourism. London becomes very popular for the Royal Family, football, teatime and Harry Potter. It is an excellent spot to explore since each and every corner in the city is depicting its culture.
The outpost that will become London initially shows up in history as a minute military storage house that was used by 1the Romans when they invade Britain, which started in A.D. 43. Such outpost was located ideally as the trading center with a continent that later on turned into an essential port. That already become headquarter of the Procurator, who was the in charge official of the Roman Britain’s finances, when the Queen of the Iceni known as Boudica burnt it onto the ground during A.D. 61. By the year 100, it was reestablished and initially displays as “Londinium” in the Annals of Tacitus.
Londinium promptly became equally the local capital and the Roman Britain’s commercial, financial, and administrative center. By the mid of the 3rd century, the capital’s population had numbered somewhat around 30,000 people.
In 50 years, this number had grown almost doubling that number. People there lived within the city that is complemented with temples, offices, paved streets, brick-fields, public baths, glassworks, potteries, shops, elaborate villas, shops and modest homes, which are surrounded by 3mi. of stone walls (parts of them still remain) that used to be 8 feet thick on the base and maximum of 20 feet in height.
However, during the period of 4th century, while the Roman Empire has started to cave in, Roman Londinium was brought down to darkness due to the withdrawal of its protective Legions. History does not hold any trace of its record from 457 to 600. But, during that time, it slowly turned to be the Saxon trading town, promptly one of significant size. In similar century, Christianity has been introduced to this city having St. Augustine being appointed as the bishop.
Later on, the name was changed and called Lunduntown. After the Norman Conquest, the city’s preeminence began during 1066. Even though William the Conqueror was crowned in Westminster Abbey, distrusting the city’s Saxon populace, he constructed several fortresses in the city walls. These fortresses include some still extant parts of the Tower of London and Westminster Hall.
During 1176, work started on the new stone bridge replacing the one made of wood that Romans constructed several years before. Acquiring the Old London Bridge name, the new bridge was finished in year 1209. It would be existent till 1832, keeping the mere bridge across Thames till 1750.
During the Industrial Revolution, London’s Urbanization along with some other English cities has continued and even intensified, which goes through the 19th century. In year 1854, the American Liverpool’s consul, Nathaniel Hawthorne has recorded the melancholy entrance in one of his produced English notebooks. It was then form of melancholy for the quickly disappearing rural past that led William Morris from founding the Society for the Preservation of Ancient Buildings.
Now, London has become one of the most popular cities in England that just about every individual would want to visit.